Practical life is the foundation of all work in the Montessori classroom. It is purposeful activity, develops motor control and coordination, develops independence, concentration and a sense of responsiblity. The exercises in practical life are about care of self and care of the environment.
The area of study which ignites and exercises all of our senses. This area was designed to develop in a child the keen ability to discriminate between each of the senses in order to heighten their understanding of the physical world. It is by using and reusing each of the sensorial materials that our students prepare themselves for mathematics and language studies.
Through hands-on activities, children learn to identify numerals and match them to their quantity, understand place-value and the base-10 system, and practice addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. They also explore patterns in the numbering system. With an exploratory approach, children do more than just memorize math facts; they gain a firm understanding of the meaning behind them.
Activities throughout the Early Childhood classroom teach language, help children acquire vocabulary, and develop skills needed for writing and reading. The ability to write, a precursor to reading, is taught first. Using hands-on materials, children learn letter sounds, how to combine sounds to make words, how to build sentences, and how to use a pencil. Once these skills are acquired, children spontaneously learn to read.